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Hummingbirds In Ct

Hummingbirds in CT: A Delightful Sight in the Northeast

Connecticut, known for its picturesque landscapes and diverse wildlife, is home to a variety of bird species. Among these, hummingbirds hold a special place in the hearts of bird enthusiasts. With their vibrant colors, unique flying abilities, and tiny size, hummingbirds are a delightful sight to behold. In this article, we will explore the world of hummingbirds in CT, their behavior, habitat, migration patterns, and how to attract them to your backyard.

The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird: A Common Visitor

One of the most common hummingbird species found in Connecticut is the Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). These tiny birds, measuring only 3-4 inches in length, are known for their iridescent green feathers and the males’ vibrant ruby-red throat patch. They are a migratory species, spending their winters in Central America and Mexico and returning to Connecticut during the spring and summer months.

Despite their small size, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds have an impressive metabolism. They can consume up to twice their body weight in nectar each day, visiting hundreds of flowers to fuel their high-energy lifestyle. They are also known to feed on small insects and spiders, providing them with essential protein.

Creating a Hummingbird-Friendly Habitat

If you want to attract hummingbirds to your backyard in Connecticut, creating a hummingbird-friendly habitat is essential. Here are some tips to make your outdoor space more inviting:

  • Plant native flowers: Hummingbirds are attracted to brightly colored, tubular flowers such as bee balm, cardinal flower, and trumpet vine. These flowers provide a rich source of nectar for the birds.
  • Provide a water source: Hummingbirds need water not only for drinking but also for bathing. Consider adding a shallow birdbath or a misting fountain to your garden.
  • Hang hummingbird feeders: Supplementing natural nectar sources with hummingbird feeders can increase your chances of attracting these tiny birds. Use a solution of four parts water to one part white sugar, and avoid using red dye, as it may be harmful to the birds.
  • Offer perching spots: Hummingbirds need perches to rest and observe their surroundings. Place small branches or thin wires near your feeders to provide them with convenient perching spots.

Hummingbird Migration: A Marvelous Journey

Hummingbirds in Connecticut are migratory birds, embarking on an incredible journey each year. During the fall, they begin their migration south, crossing the Gulf of Mexico in a non-stop flight that can span up to 500 miles. To prepare for this long journey, hummingbirds undergo a process called hyperphagia, where they consume large amounts of food to build up fat reserves.

Understanding the migration patterns of hummingbirds can help bird enthusiasts anticipate their arrival and departure. In Connecticut, hummingbirds typically arrive in late April or early May and stay until September or early October. By keeping track of their arrival and departure dates, you can ensure that your backyard is ready to welcome these tiny visitors.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1. How can I attract hummingbirds to my backyard?

To attract hummingbirds to your backyard, plant native flowers, provide a water source, hang hummingbird feeders, and offer perching spots. Creating a hummingbird-friendly habitat will increase your chances of attracting these beautiful birds.

2. What is the best time to put up hummingbird feeders in Connecticut?

Hummingbird feeders can be put up in Connecticut as early as late April or early May when the hummingbirds start arriving. Keep the feeders up until September or early October when they begin their migration south.

3. How often should I change the nectar in my hummingbird feeder?

The nectar in hummingbird feeders should be changed every 3-5 days, especially during hot weather, to prevent fermentation and the growth of harmful bacteria. Clean the feeder thoroughly before refilling it with fresh nectar.

4. Can I use red dye in hummingbird nectar?

No, it is not recommended to use red dye in hummingbird nectar. The dye may be harmful to the birds. Instead, use a solution of four parts water to one part white sugar to create a safe and nutritious nectar.

5. How can I identify a Ruby-throated Hummingbird?

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are small birds with iridescent green feathers. Males have a vibrant ruby-red throat patch, while females have a white throat. They are known for their rapid wing beats and hovering flight.

6. Do hummingbirds only feed on nectar?

No, hummingbirds also feed on small insects and spiders, which provide them with essential protein. While nectar is their primary source of energy, these tiny birds have a diverse diet to meet their nutritional needs.


Hummingbirds in Connecticut, particularly the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, are a delightful sight for bird enthusiasts. By creating a hummingbird-friendly habitat with native flowers, water sources, and feeders, you can attract these tiny birds to your backyard. Understanding their migration patterns and providing the necessary resources will ensure a successful and rewarding experience. So, get ready to welcome these marvelous creatures and enjoy the beauty they bring to the Northeast.